It was Cardinal Nicholas Cusa the first advocated "Nation State," the right of the people to have a sovereign government. But it took France's Cardinal Mazarin and his protege Jean Baptiste Colbert to
stop the 30 year war and make an economy that made the states work.
The 1648 Westphalia Peace succeeded because of the economic policy of production and directed public fair trade that was the most effective weapon against the liberal free trade policy of central banking of the maritime powers of the British and Dutch oligarchies.
With the Peace of Westphalia, Mazarin and Colbert's common-good principle of the "forgiving the sins of the past" as well as "advantage of the other" that they were able to triumph over the imperial design of both France's Louis X I V and the Venetian-controlled Hapsburg Empire.The German States began to rebuild their territories by building massive canals that connected rivers that went through their productive land of Germany, France, Poland and then emptied into the seas.
On Oct. 24, 1648 the Peace of Westphalia was signed in Osnabruck for the Protestants, and in Munster for the Catholics. Cardinal Mazarin and Colbert were the first world leaders to successfully apply the new principle of Westphalia to economics but would be followed successfully by Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, John Quincy Adams, Henry Carey, Abe Lincoln's aid, Franklin Roosevelt and Lyndon LaRouche. Mrs. LaRouche, the chair of the International Schiller Institute who had its convention in Washington the week end of March 30.