Terrorists in the Middle East claimed another victim. American photojournalist James Foley was brutally murdered last week by Islamic State extremists force known as ISIS, in retaliation for American air strikes which began Aug. 8 against their forces in Iraq and Syria.
ISIS said more hostages would be slain if the attacks continued.
Undeterred, the United States launched 14 air strikes, bringing to 84 the number conducted since early August.
President Barack Obama vowed relentless pursuit of the terrorists in a special news conference.
The United States would "do what it must," to protect American citizens, but did not say he would follow ISIS into their safe haven in Syria, according to the Associated Press.
And the White House revealed that the United States had launched a secret rescue mission inside Syria earlier this summer that failed to rescue Foley and other Americans.
Reaction to Foley's videotaped murder brought sure and swift responses from American allies, who pledged to do more to aid Syrian rebels in their three-year fight against the Assad regime and Kurdish forces in Iraq, fighting against ISIS.
Germany announced it would arm Iraqi Kurdish fighters to fight ISIS.
Italy's defense minister said the country hopes to contribute machine guns, ammunition and anti-tank rockets.
Additionally, the United States announced it would be sending more troops - estimated to be less than 300 - to protect the U.S embassy in Baghdad, Iraq.
That would bring the total number of forces in that country to to more than 1,000.
Foley became the second Western reporter to be killed by Islamic extremists since 2002, when Daniel Pearl, a Wall Street Journal reporter, was murdered by a top al-Qaeda operative.
Pearl's brutal killing was praised by a leading ideologue in a how-to manual that promoted the tactic of kidnapping foreigners. Since then, terrorists have turned to abducting Westerners to finance operations - seizing more than 50 foreigners in the past five years, almost all of whom were released after their governments paid sizable ransoms, according to a review of the known cases by The New York Times.
In Iran, Jason Rezaian, a reporter for The Washington Post, was snatched by men waving an arrest warrant in late July. He has not been heard from since.
The Afghan government recently expelled Times reporter Matt Rosenberg from the country, and then detained him.
That government has been angered over Rosenberg's reporting.
Since joining The Times in 2011, Rosenberg's stories have included one of the few detailed accounts of an attack by Afghan soldiers on their American allies, and a
review of how Iran has skirted American-imposed sanctions by buying up dollars in
Afghanistan, which is awash in hard currency after a decade of massive American
Prior to joining The Times, Rosenberg was a correspondent for The Wall Street
Journal, where he reported on the the massive amount of cash that flows daily through Kabul's airport, prompting the temporary suspension of $3.9 billion in American aid to Afghanistan.
Though journalism has always been challenging and sometimes dangerous, said Martin Baron, the executive editor of The Washington Post, there is little question that currently "people who are in authority have a preference for journalists not being witness to wrongdoing." If reporters face imprisonment or death for "simply doing the job of reporting," he said, "it is incredibly difficult to do that kind of work."
Conflict reporting, said Philip S. Balboni, the president and chief executive of GlobalPost, one of the outlets that had published Foley's work, seemed to grow progressively more dangerous with the war in Libya that began in 2010. That war, like others that have followed in Syria and Iraq, had "no front lines and no established players." The seasoned war photographers Chris Hondros, of Getty Images, and Tim Hetherington, of Vanity Fair, were among those killed.
According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, 32 journalists, including Foley, have been killed so far in 2014, compared with 70 in 2013 and 74 in 2012. But the committee's deputy director, Robert Mahoney, noted that in 2013, at least 65 journalists went missing, more than twice as many as in the preceding two years combined. More journalists are also being imprisoned, he said, in places like in Egypt where 13 are currently in jail.
Contact Mike Donahey at 641-753-6611 or firstname.lastname@example.org